The performance of two-phase flow through fractal-like heat sinks, subject to both geometrical and flow constraints was assessed. Constraints are crucial in order to satisfy physical requirements of a design. A one-dimensional model of two-phase flow through fractal-like branching microchannels was used to estimate pressure drop, wall temperature and critical heat flux. Water is employed as the working fluid. The exit pressure is varied between 6 kPa and 101.3 kPa (absolute) in order to achieve two-phase flow at temperatures lower than the maximum wall temperature constraint of 70°C. Preliminary results show that the benefit to cost ratio of two-phase flow is on the same order of magnitude as single-phase flow, both with a 70°C wall temperature constraint. Alternatively, a critical heat flux model is used to constrain the flow rate in order for the imposed heat flux to be 50% of the critical heat flux.

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